Tuesday Reads: Art as Therapy to Help Deal With Depressing News

Still Life with a Red Rug, Henri Matisse (1906)

Still Life with a Red Rug, Henri Matisse (1906)

Good Morning!!


I decided I needed to look at some Matisse paintings this morning, and I’m going to include a few in this post to provide contrast to the news of the day, which is filled with violence, hate, and despair. According to the WebMuseum, Matisse was “a man of anxious temperament.”

Matisse’s art has an astonishing force and lives by innate right in a paradise world into which Matisse draws all his viewers. He gravitated to the beautiful and produced some of the most powerful beauty ever painted. He was a man of anxious temperament, just as Picasso, who saw him as his only rival, was a man of peasant fears, well concealed. Both artists, in their own fashion, dealt with these disturbances through the sublimation of painting: Picasso destroyed his fear of women in his art, while Matisse coaxed his nervous tension into serenity. He spoke of his art as being like “a good armchair”– a ludicrously inept comparison for such a brilliant man– but his art was a respite, a reprieve, a comfort to him.

Can art be therapy? I think so. So can reading literature or listening to music. From a review of Art as Therapy at Brain Pickings, 

The question of what art is has occupied humanity since the dawn of recorded history. For Tolstoy, the purpose of art was to providea bridge of empathy between us and others, and for Anaïs Nin, a way to exorcise our emotional excess. But the highest achievement of art might be something that reconciles the two: a channel of empathy into our own psychology that lets us both exorcise and better understand our emotions — in other words, a form of therapy.

In Art as Therapy, philosopher Alain de Botton — who has previously examined such diverse and provocative subjects as why work doesn’t work,what education and the arts can learn from religion, and how to think more about sex — teams up with art historian John Armstrong to examine art’s most intimate purpose: its ability to mediate our psychological shortcomings and assuage our anxieties about imperfection. Their basic proposition is that, far more than mere aesthetic indulgence, art is a tool — a tool that serves a rather complex yet straightforwardly important purpose in our existence:

Like other tools, art has the power to extend our capacities beyond those that nature has originally endowed us with. Art compensates us for certain inborn weaknesses, in this case of the mind rather than the body, weaknesses that we can refer to as psychological frailties.

Read about “the seven core functions of art” at the Brain Pickings link. And now, regrettably, I must turn to today’s news.

Tea in the Garden, Henri Matisse (1919)

Tea in the Garden, Henri Matisse (1919)

Ray Rice Domestic Violence News.

Yesterday’s news was dominated by reactions to gossip site TMZ’s release of the video of Baltimore Ravens running back Ray Rice hitting his then fiance–now wife–Janay Palmer and knocking her unconscious in an Atlantic city casino elevator in February.

Suddenly, the Ravens went into ass-covering mode. The Ravens released Rice and the NFL suspended him indefinitely. But why did it take so long? At the time, a video had been released showing Rice dragging Palmer from the elevator like a sack of potatoes.

Here’s a timeline of the Rice case from SB Nation. On Feb. 15th, after the beating, Rice and Palmer were both arrested and charged with simple assault (the charges against Palmer were later dropped). On the 19th a video was released that showed Rice coldly dragging an unconscious Palmer from the elevator like a sack of potatoes–her dress pulled up, her legs spread open to the camera. Rice makes shows no apparent concern for her well-being.

Those of us with any experience with domestic violence could easily surmise what had taken place inside the elevator. But the men of the NFL somehow assumed (or wanted to believe) that Palmer had viciously attacked Rice, and that he had only defended himself by knocking her unconscious!

On March 27 Rice was indicted for aggravated assault, and the next day the couple married. Did Rice marry her to shut her up? Rice ended up getting a slap on the wrist from Prosecutor James McClain (who, like Rice graduated from Rutgers). Rice was allowed to enter a one-year diversion program with counseling instead of getting jail time. And btw, McClain is still defending his decision.

On May 23, Ray Rice game a non-apology “apology” for his disgusting actions in which he apologized to everyone under the sun except his wife Janay. Rice acted as if the two were equally responsible for “the incident.”

From SB Nation, May 23: Ray Rice is an asshole and the Ravens couldn’t care less.

Ray Rice is sorry. He wants you to know how sorry he is for knocking out his fiancée Janay, who is now his wife. He would like to sincerely apologize for dragging her out of an Atlantic City hotel elevator. We know this because Rice told us so. He told the world in a televised public apology broadcast Friday afternoon from Baltimore.

“I apologize for the situation my wife and I were in,” the Baltimore Ravens running back said….

Rice’s apology is special because he really believes it; a shocking portion of Rice’s press conference was devoted to Successories-style affirmations about how he will recover from and get past this … situation that … occurred. Stranger still, Rice somehow managed to get his wife Janay — whom he married right before he was supposed to go to trial for a more serious version of domestic assault — to accept an equal share of blame for the incident. She apologized, too.

Those of us familiar with the dynamics of domestic violence know that Palmer’s behavior was typical of victims–blaming themselves and trying to protect their emotional and economic security.

Finally, in July NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell suspended Rice for two games. NFL and Ravens officials implied to journalists that there was some kind of mitigating evidence that showed Palmer to be at fault. Public outrage was immediate.  I recall JJ posting about it at that time. On Aug. 28, realizing he had made a terrible public relations blunder, Goodell announced a new NFL policy on “domestic violence.” 

Finally, on Sept. 8, TMZ released video of what actually transpired inside the elevator: Rice spitting in Palmer’s face, and decking her with a “crushing” left hook. Not long afterward, the Ravens and the NFL finally too action, claiming they had never seen this video footage that they could have gotten easily from the casino or law enforcement.

But guess what? Rice will still receive $25 million from his contract with the Ravens. If Roger Goodell keeps his job after this, the NFL will be permanently damaged. After all, half of the people who follow football are women? Why do you think the NFL make their players wear pink (ugh!) once a year in honor of breast cancer awareness?

The Red Madras Headdress, Henri Matisse

The Red Madras Headdress, Henri Matisse

Here are some links to other stories on this horrible and shameful debacle:

Dan Shaughnessy at The Boston Globe: In Ray Rice case, one failure after another.

Mike Wise at The Washington Post: Ray Rice finally must answer for his actions; when will NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell?

Baltimore Sun: Janay Rice breaks her silence, describes situation as ‘horrible nightmare’ (She blames the media, not her husband).

SB Nation: White House on Ray Rice: ‘Hitting a woman is not something a real man does’.

TMZ: NFL Commish in the Dark by Choice?

President Obama to Lay out Case for Stepping Up Campaign Against Islamic State

From The Washington Post, As Obama Makes Case, Congress Is Divided on Campaign Against Militants.

WASHINGTON — President Obama on Tuesday will begin laying out his case for an expanded military campaign against the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria when he faces congressional leaders who are averse to taking an election-year stand but are being pushed by lawmakers who want a say in matters of war.

Mr. Obama’s meeting with Republican and Democratic leaders on Tuesday in the Oval Office will be the first of several between White House officials and lawmakers as the administration tries to persuade Congress to embrace the president’s plan to halt the momentum of the Sunni militant group known as ISIS.

A year after opposition in Congress thwarted plans for missile strikes in Syria, the White House is again putting the issue of military force in the Middle East before a skeptical Congress and a war-weary public.

But what about Congress?

Democratic leaders in the Senate and Republican leaders in the House want to avoid a public vote to authorize force, fearing the unknown political consequences eight weeks before the midterm elections on Nov. 4.

“A lot of people would like to stay on the sideline and say, ‘Just bomb the place and tell us about it later,’ ” said Representative Jack Kingston, Republican of Georgia, who supports having an authorization vote. “It’s an election year. A lot of Democrats don’t know how it would play in their party, and Republicans don’t want to change anything. We like the path we’re on now. We can denounce it if it goes bad, and praise it if it goes well and ask what took him so long.”

Other lawmakers, especially some Democrats, are arguing that as long as the president keeps the operation limited to airstrikes, he does not need to get congressional approval.

Benjy Sarlin at MSNBC: The Politics of ISIS

Ahead of a Wednesday public address from President Obama where he’s set to lay out a “game plan” for military action in Iraq and as the right mocks Democrats as weak-willed appeasers, former Vice President Dick Cheney is heading to Capitol Hill to deliver a pep talk to House Republicans.

Is it the 2002 election all over again? Not exactly. But the escalating conflict against ISIS is starting to show up on the trail as Republican candidates seem eager to put major past differences on foreign policy aside and join together in criticizing the White House’s response to the Islamic State.

A number of candidates and GOP officials have gone out of their way to attack Obama over his remark at a press conference that “we don’t have a strategy yet” for confronting ISIS. Republican Senate nominees including Scott Brown in New Hampshire, David Perdue in Georgia, and Thom Tillis in North Carolina, among others, have highlighted the quote while demanding action to turn back the Islamist group’s gains. Joni Ernst in Iowa and Tom Cotton in Arkansas, both of whom served in the Middle East during the Iraq War, have also called for a clearer plan to tackle ISIS.

Read the rest at the link.

Odalique with a Turkish Chair, Henri Matisse

Odalique with a Turkish Chair, Henri Matisse

Ferguson Updates

St. Louis Business Journal: Ferguson to reform municipal courts, add police review board.

As national attention mounts on the way St. Louis municipalities use court fine revenuefor city operations and on police use of force in the area, the Ferguson City Council has announced the proposal of three major reforms.

The city will hold ward meetings for public input on the reforms, with some of the proposals on the agenda for Tuesday night’s City Council meeting. It will be held at 7 p.m. at Greater Grace Church, 3690 Pershall Road.

Here’s the breakdown of the proposed reforms:

  1. Establishing a Citizen Review Board to work with the police department to review their actions.
  2. I ntroducing an ordinance that will keep court fine revenues at or below 15 percent of Ferguson’s revenue. Any excess will be earmarked for special community projects, not general revenue.
  3. Reforming the way Ferguson’s municipal court works by repealing the “failure to appear” offense, abolishing some administrative fees which may impact low-income persons to a greater extent and the creation of a special docket for defendants having trouble making monthly payments.

Likewise, the council announced, the municipal judge has called for a warrant recall to run from Sept. 15 through Oct. 15. Those who have outstanding warrants are encouraged to call the municipal court cler k for information on the recall.

Woman in a Purple Coat, Henri Matisse (1937)

Woman in a Purple Coat, Henri Matisse (1937)

Truthout: St. Louis Police Shot 16 Before Michael Brown in 2014

By the time of Michael Brown’s murder, St. Louis area police had already shot at least 16 people in 2014, the vast majority of whom were black.

Truthout obtained this figure by examining news reports from January 1 to August 6 of 2014. On August 10, protests opposing the police killing of unarmed black teenager Michael Brown began.

Read the list of victims at the link.

In the vast majority of incidents where the race of an individual shot by police was known, the individuals were black. Truthout was not able to determine how many (if any) of these police shootings were “justified” because data concerning police shootings is so limited.

Police shootings, along with other uses of force by the St. Louis area police, are not a new development. In Ferguson, seven active or former officers have now been named in civil lawsuits for excessive use of force; and in March 2014, two officers with the St. Louis Police Department severely beat a man with disabilities. In another recentcivil case, an amount of over $800,000 was awarded to a victim of excessive force by the St. Louis Metropolitan Police Force.

In 2012, US District Judge Carol Jackson stated that the St. Louis Board of Police Commissioners may be “deliberately indifferent” or even tacitly approving of a “widespread persistent pattern of unconstitutional conduct.” In a separate 2010 federal civil lawsuit, which accused the St. Louis police of excessive force, the victim’s lawyer cited statistics showing that the St. Louis internal affairs investigators sustained only one of 322 citizens’ physical abuse complaints against police from 1997 to 2002.

Read the rest at Truthout. It’s a good article.

Matthew Keys at The Blot: Ferguson Police Chief Lied About Michael Brown Surveillance Tape.

The chief of police for the Ferguson Police Department misled members of the media and the public when he asserted that his hand was forced in releasing surveillance footage that purported to show 18-year-old resident Michael Brown engaged in a strong-arm robbery at a convenience store minutes before he was fatally shot by a police officer.

Chief Thomas Jackson distributed copies of the surveillance tape at a press conference on Aug. 15 in tandem with the public release of the identity of the officer who was responsible for shooting Brown.

When questioned by members of the press about the tape — which apparently had nothing to do with the fatal shooting of the unarmed teenager — Jackson told reporters that he was legally obligated to release the tape because members of the media had submitted an open records requests for it.

“We’ve had this tape for a while, and we had to diligently review the information that was in the tape, determine if there was any other reason to keep it,” Jackson said at the press event. “We got a lot of Freedom of Information requests for this tape, and at some point it was just determined we had to release it. We didn’t have good cause, any other reason not to release it under FOI.”

Except there were no specific FOIA requests for the tape. Keys and The Blot got all media requests for information through an open records request. Read all about it at the Blot.

Dance "What hope might look like" -- Henri Mattisse

Dance “What hope might look like” — Henri Mattisse

Shootdown of Malaysia Flight 17 in Ukraine

From the LA Times: Dutch report: Malaysia jet downed in Ukraine by ‘high-energy objects’

A preliminary report on Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 appears to confirm initial assertions that the passenger plane was hit by a surface-to-air-missile in mid-flight July 17 before crashing in Ukraine.

“The pattern of damage observed on the forward fuselage and cockpit section of the aircraft appears to indicate that there were impacts from a large number of high-energy objects from outside the aircraft,” concluded a report issued Tuesday by the Netherlands’ air safety board.

The Boeing 777, en route from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur, the Malaysian capital, was flying at about 33,000 feet over separatist-held territory in southeastern Ukraine when it broke apart in midair and crashed, killing all 298 passengers and crew members on board.

The report says that fragments of the aircraft reveal numerous puncture holes and indentations on the plane’s skin that would be consistent with damage from missile shrapnel and, investigators say, rule out pilot error or any mechanical fault as the cause of the disaster.

Although investigators have not been able to recover these pieces for forensic examination, the report states that “the pattern of damage observed … was not consistent with the damage that would be expected from any known failure mode of the aircraft, its engines or systems.”

I’ll end there, as this post is far too long already. I hope you’ll share your thoughts and links in the comment thread. 

36 Comments on “Tuesday Reads: Art as Therapy to Help Deal With Depressing News”

  1. bostonboomer says:

    HuffPo: Fox News Hosts Make Crass Domestic Violence Jokes

    We spoke to Women’s Aid about the dangers of making light about abuse.

    “Joking about domestic violence trivialises it, and allows abusive men to feel that their behaviour is accepted by society,” Polly Neate, Women’s Aid chief executive told HuffPost UK Lifestyle. “It sends a message to abused women that domestic violence is not taken seriously, and reduces the likelihood of them telling anyone or seeking help.”

    She adds: “Many people do not understand how difficult it can be to leave an abusive relationship, when your self-esteem has been shattered and you are scared of your partner. People can judge women in abusive relationships without understanding the issues or level of danger involved in her trying to leave. One of the reasons women do not tell anyone they are being abused is because they don’t think people will understand or will judge her.”

    And it’s not just women who suffer domestic abuse. According to ManKind, a domestic violence charity for men, 38% of victims are male.

    Yes, it’s true. Women can be domestic abusers. The injuries tend to be less serious–but not always.

    • bostonboomer says:

      Flyer from the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence on male victims of violence (pdf)

      “Women who commit violence against partners are 7-10 times more likely to act in self-defense.”

      On the other hand,

      “According to a Bureau of Justice Statistics 2004 report, 5.5% of male homicide victims were murdered by a spouse, ex-spouse, boyfriend or

      Men are also less likely to report abuse, because they tend to be financially independent and may be ashamed to admit what happened.

      Why is this important? Because any violence in relationships perpetuates the cycle of violence that will be passed down to future generations of children who then may grow up to become abusers.

    • dakinikat says:

      I have a friend that was abused by his ex wife. He speaks out about it and is a strong feminist too. He has an amazing story.

    • janicen says:

      My brother is abused by his wife. Not physically, but she controls him by getting very angry and shouting when she doesn’t get her way, and has tantrums. Her way involves spending lots and lots of money that they don’t have. When they had their house built, she had an extra large closet added. It’s huge. It runs from the front of the house to the back and it is jammed with clothes. Many still with tags on them. She keeps the money she earns separately but demands he spend money on her. He does it just to keep her happy. They are in enormous debt. I could write a book about all of the entirely frivolous things they have wasted money on. But it’s very difficult to get him to see it. I’ve subtly tried and have gotten him to see that there is no shouting in a healthy relationship, but then I’ll talk to him a few days later and he seems to have slipped back into the abyss. He would rather be unhappy and broke than to be alone. It’s very sad.

  2. NW Luna says:

    Very good post, BB. I’m thankful that you started out with art and how it may help us live and heal while going through all the crap that life throws at us.

  3. NW Luna says:

    Ursula K. Le Guin, the science fiction and fantasy writer widely celebrated as a visionary and compelling storyteller, is receiving an honorary National Book Award.

    The National Book Foundation, which presents the awards, announced Tuesday that Le Guin was receiving the 2014 Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters. Previous winners include Toni Morrison, Norman Mailer and Elmore Leonard. Le Guin, 84, is known for such novels as “The Left Hand of Darkness” and “The Farthest Shore,” which in 1973 won the National Book Award for young people’s literature.

    “Ursula Le Guin has had an extraordinary impact on several generations of readers and, particularly, writers in the United States and around the world,” Harold Augenbraum, the foundation’s executive director, said in a statement. “She has shown how great writing will obliterate the antiquated — and never really valid — line between popular and literary art. Her influence will be felt for decades to come.”
    Neil Gaiman, who has long cited Le Guin as among his favorite writers, will present her the medal at the Nov. 19 ceremony in New York.

    That Le Guin is accepting the award is itself a story. She has criticized the “commercial machinery of best-sellerdom and prizedom” and mocked the idea of being “Nobel Prize Winner Soandso” or “Jane D. Wonthepulitzer.” But in a recent email to The Associated Press, she said that she was grateful for being Ursula K. Le Guin, honorary National Book Award winner. “I’ve spoken against the whole winners-take-all concept of literary awards, but it’s the only game going,” she wrote, “and I’d be a curmudgeon not to see this award as an honor.”

  4. bostonboomer says:

    Hundreds of women and men have been posting on Twitter with the hashtag #whyIstayed.


  5. NW Luna says:

    One of two British explorer ships that vanished in the Arctic more than 160 years ago has been found, Canada’s prime minister says.

    Stephen Harper said it was unclear which ship had been found, but photo evidence confirmed it was one of them.

    Sir John Franklin led the two ships and 129 men in 1845 to chart the Northwest Passage in the Canadian Arctic.

    The expedition’s disappearance shortly after became one of the great mysteries of the age of Victorian exploration.

    The Canadian government began searching for Franklin’s ships in 2008 as part of a strategy to assert Canada’s sovereignty over the Northwest Passage, which has recently become accessible to shipping because of melting Arctic ice.

  6. NW Luna says:

    Neanderthal ‘artwork’ found in Gibraltar cave

    ….Details of the discovery by an international team of researchers has been published in the journal PNAS.

    There is now ample evidence that Neanderthal intellectual abilities may have been underestimated. Recent finds suggest they intentionally buried their dead, adorned themselves with feathers, painted their bodies with black and red pigments, and consumed a more varied diet than had previously been supposed.

    Previous candidates for Neanderthal cave art exist, including motifs from caves in northern and southern Spain. Possible jewellery has been found at a site in central France, and there are even claims Neanderthals were responsible for an early musical instrument – a bone “flute” found at Divje Babe in Slovenia. ….

    These proposed flickerings of abstract thought among our ancient relatives have all proven controversial. But the authors of the PNAS study went to great lengths to demonstrate the intentional nature of the Gorham’s Cave design.

  7. Fannie says:

    As I understand it, Ray Rice has already been paid 25 million, and gets nothing more:


  8. bostonboomer says:

    Breaking silence, Steven Salaita calls on Univ. of Illinois to rescind his firing over Gaza tweets

    “I am here today at the University of Illinois to speak against my termination by the administration from a tenured faculty position because of the university administration’s objections to my speech that was critical of recent Israeli human rights violations,” Salaita said.

    Salaita spoke before a packed hall at the University YMCA in Urbana, Illinois following a student walk-out demanding his reinstatement.

  9. Fannie says:

    We know that children who grow up in abusive homes, are 10 times likely to abuse. I don’t think for one minute that this was the first time Ray Rice abused Janay. Or the first time he’s ever abused a woman. The women he abused won’t be forgetting what he’s done to them, and to their families. Families are impacted, and often will either support or turn on the abuser, in which case if you turned on him, you might get your candle blown out. Know what I mean? Poor women often don’t have resources (money stashed away), they don’t have connections to get out, and many don’t have friends to come to their rescue. I think women tend to support each other, emotionally, regardless of race or religion when they have been abused.

    Poor women are very much like rich women, they have good things going on, they have sad things happenings, they have love, they laugh, they cry, they get angry just like others. Sometimes they give warnings signs and ask for help via those signs. Other times they think they can handle things without creating more problems. With no way out, things are mishandled.

    Several years ago I joined up with a group of women to help them escape abuse. We rented a safe house, and told no one what was going on. When we got a call to meet up with our cars, and start the run, we all shared in getting the woman and her children out of the area, and into the safe house. It took several of us to get it done, but we did it. We were strong. One day, I got a call (this was before cell phones) it was really bad timing because I had a few drinks on this occasion, and said that I couldn’t make the run. They understood, however my best friend (she knew nothing about the safe house) over heard me talking. It wasn’t long after that when I was being stalked by an abusive husband. I was like what’s up, I don’t know anything. Several days later he showed up at work, and told my boss that he had a check (donation) for battered women, and could he give the check to me. I refused the check and told him he needed to go to the welfare department and give them the donation, as I didn’t know someone to help him. It was at this point that I had to let my husband know the story, as we had two young children, and I now was terrified of this man. I had to totally disconnect from the safe house, and it wasn’t much longer that my best friend came by and asked me if I got the donation from a man who had been looking for me. She worked at hospital, and overhead him wanting to help these poor women who were abused. I learned a lot then, and the guy with the donation, he was busted, and rode around with a coconut knife in his car. I never heard what happened to his wife and children, but I was glad we did the right thing for her.

    • bostonboomer says:


      Where did you get that statistic about abused children being 10 times more likely to become perpetrators? The numbers I’ve seen say that the majority of children who are abused do not grow up to be perpetrators. I’d like to see the study you’re referring to. I’d like to know how they identified the control sample also.

      There would have to be gender differences too. But studies I’ve seen say that there are so few female abusers that it would be difficult to evaluate the association among women.

      Finally, the strongest connection, as far as I know is between children who witness violence against others and the odds of later becoming a perpetrator.

      As someone who grew up in a violent home, I’m pretty sensitive about this, frankly.

    • bostonboomer says:

      I can identify with your story somewhat.

      I volunteered for a battered women’s shelter for about 6 months, but it got too stressful for me, and I had a tendency to identify too much with the abused women at the shelter. The most stressful thing was watching the majority of clients return to their abuser after you poured vast amounts of energy into helping them get social services, etc.

      I made the mistake of meet one of the women outside of work hours. It was terrible. She latched onto me and wouldn’t let go–called me constantly, because she was so desperate. If I had let her, she would have taken up all my time and energy. I finally had to detach and quit volunteering. I did learn why the shelter had a rule that volunteers should not get emotionally involved with the clients.

      Once a batterer found out where the safe house was, and they actually had to shut it down and move to another location. That’s how dangerous it could be for the clients once they left their abuser.

      • Fannie says:

        Yes it is stressful, not just for you, but the families, and the communities. I looked at it this way, I might not have changed 100 people, but the 1 or 2 I did help change was worth it all. Thanks for all you have done BB.

  10. Fannie says:

    BB, that number 10x, could be lower, but I didn’t reference any professional study before I mentioning it, and I did say are “likely” . Not all children who grow up in abusive homes become abusive. My memory laspes, but I do believe serveral sources I recall would be with the criminal justice system. Also, I think the child prevention month, put out stats, and that sticks in my mind. You know I am talking about children experiencing all types of abuse, verbal, emotional, and physical. Yes, there would be gender differences. As far as women being abusive, that’s very real too. Women are in prison because they abuse men, and children, and the elderly. I have known a few myself. Not all are, some are. I’ve have not done clinical studies, and I know you have. I’d appreciate seeing any updates you have.

    I understand BB, I grew up with violence too.

    • bostonboomer says:

      All I know is that in studies I’ve seen and in courses I took in grad school, the statistics show that only a minority of abused children grow up to be perpetrators and the main predictor of future violent behavior is witnessing others being abused (e.g, a boy seeing his father beat his mother or his siblings). I will search for references when I can.

      • Fannie says:

        I’ll try to get some updated information, in regards to observing abuse and being abused, and becoming the abuser. I can’t help but think of the many who are actually telling their stories. That’s a good thing too.

        I recall reading that Charlie Manson himself observed and was abused, he was a freak case for sure.

        • bostonboomer says:

          Manson had all kinds of problems. His mother abandoned him and he never new who his father was. He was in reform school by the time he was in his teens and spent most of his adult life in jail.