Quick! Let’s get the Nuclear Deal Details out so the Haterz can figure out why they hate it!Posted: November 23, 2013
Aifter marathon talks that finally ended early Sunday morning, the United States and five other world powers reached an agreement with Iran to halt much of Iran’s nuclear program, and some elements would even be rolled back. It was the first time in nearly a decade, American officials said, that steps were taken to halt much of Iran’s nuclear program and roll some elements of it back.
The freeze would last six months, with the aim of giving international negotiators time to pursue the far more challenging task of drafting a comprehensive accord that would ratchet back much of Iran’s nuclear program and ensure that it could be used only for peaceful purposes.
“We have reached agreement,” Catherine Ashton, the European Union’s chief foreign policy official, posted on Twitter on Sunday morning.
According to the accord, Iran would agree to stop enriching uranium beyond 5 percent. To make good on that pledge, Iran would dismantle the links between networks of centrifuges.
All of Iran’s stockpile of uranium that has been enriched to 20 percent, a short hop to weapons-grade fuel, would be diluted or converted into oxide so that it could not be readily used for military purposes.
No new centrifuges, neither old models nor newer more efficient ones, could be installed. Centrifuges that have been installed but which are not currently operating — Iran has more than 8,000 such centrifuges — could not be started up. No new enrichment facilities could be established.
The agreement, however, would not require Iran to stop enriching uranium to a level of 3.5 percent or dismantle any of its existing centrifuges.
Iran’s stockpile of such low-enriched uranium would be allowed to temporarily increase to about eight tons from seven tons currently. But Tehran would be required to shrink this stockpile by the end of the six-month agreement back to seven tons. This would be done by installing equipment to covert some of that stockpile to oxide.
To guard against cheating, international monitors would be allowed to visit the Natanz enrichment facility and the underground nuclear enrichment plant at Fordo on a daily basis to check the film from cameras installed there.
In return for the initial agreement, the United States has agreed to provide $6 billion to $7 billion in sanctions relief, American officials said. This limited sanctions relief can be accomplished by executive order, allowing the Obama administration to make the deal without having to appeal to Congress, where there is strong criticism of any agreement that does not fully dismantle Iran’s nuclear program.
A historic deal was struck early Sunday between Iran and six world powers over Tehran’s nuclear program, a first step in ending a decades-long standoff over the country’s nuclear intentions.
The agreement was expected to be signed within hours, capping days of marathon talks where diplomats worked to overcome issues surrounding the wording of an initial agreement that reportedly would temporarily freeze Iran’s Iran’s nuclear development program and lift some sanctions while a more formal deal is worked out.
“At three o’clock in the morning on the fifth day, white smoke in the negotiations!” Iran Deputy Foreign Minister Seyed Abbas Araghchi said in a post on Twitter.
The spokesman for the European Union, Michael Mann, also took to Twitter to tout the success: “We have reached agreement.”
Details of agreement were expected to be released shortly by Catherine Ashton, the EU’s foreign policy chief, in Geneva where the foreign ministers representing Iran, the United States, Britain, China, Russia, France and Germany were meeting.
President Obama said Saturday that an interim agreement on Iran’s nuclear program is “an important first step,” and again vowed to prevent Tehran from obtaining the means to make nuclear weapons.
The agreement opens “a new path to a world that is more secure,” Obama said in a brief remarks at the White House.
He spoke just after U.S. and international partners negotiated a six-month interim deal with Iran, which agreed to limit nuclear activities in return for relief from some $6.1 billion in sanctions that have hurt its economy.
Obama pledged to work with Congress moving forward, but indicated he would oppose proposals for new sanctions because they would “derail this promising first step” and risk a possible military confrontation. Obama stressed that sanctions can be re-applied and strengthened if Iran violates the agreement over the next six months.
“Iran cannot use negotiations as cover to advance its (nuclear) program,” Obama said.
The president again pledged to block Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon, and “only diplomacy can bring about a durable solution.
The interim deal is put in place while the parties negotiate a broader agreement, one in which Iran forgoes the ability to make nuclear weapons
Israel is likely to oppose the agreement. Officials there have said that Iran cannot be trusted and is determined to make nuclear weapons.
Dave Solimini, a spokesman for Democratic-leaning Truman Project, a Washington-based national security group, said the interim agreement proves that years of sanctions against Iran have worked.
This is breaking news so this is about all there is so far.